Australian Centre on Quality of Life


Personal Wellbeing Index

The PWI scale contains seven items of satisfaction, each one corresponding to a quality of life domain as: standard of living, health, achieving in life, relationships, safety, community-connectedness, and future security. These seven domains are theoretically embedded, as representing the first level of deconstruction of the global question: "How satisfied are you with your life as a whole?"

The PWI has been adapted and validated with adults, children, and persons with an intellectual or cognitive disability. The International Wellbeing Group is working toward developing the PWI into a valid cross-cultural instrument. At the time of constructing the PWI 5th edition, over 150 researchers from more than 50 countries and provinces were engaged in this international collaboration.

Personal Wellbeing Index - Intellectual Disability (PWI-ID)

Manuals and translated manuals

Scale translations

Personal Wellbeing Index – School Children (PWI-SC)

Manuals and translated manuals

Scale translations

Global Life Satisfaction

Subjective wellbeing (SWB) can be measured using a single item, known as the Global Life Satisfaction (GLS) measure. People can be asked to rate their global life satisfaction. This normally takes the form: "How satisfied are you with your life as a whole?" Although this question is an excellent measure of SWB, such single-item measures are less reliable than multi-item scales.

Directory of Instruments

The Australian Centre on Quality of Life has compiled a directory of measurement instruments, all of which provide an empirical estimation of one or more subjective quality of life constructs. Most of these are brief scale descriptions, which do not provide details of psychometric performance. They provide a brief indication of the psychometric character of each scale, and a couple of additional references for further reading on the scale’s performance.

A few of the scales also have a review which is more extensive. Generating these reviews is a job being undertaken by a number of volunteers. These entries are fully referenced. New volunteers who are willing to revise the scales are invited to email Professor Robert Cummins on

Each review is highlighted for identification in the index as Elaborated Version . These reviews have a standard format which can be accessed HERE.

NOTE: The aim of these reviews is to assist researchers in their search for suitable quality of life instruments. These reviews are not evaluative. Rather, each comprises a list of available psychometric results. Evaluating these results is a task for each researcher who is considering whether to use the instrument.

a) No more than three references are normally provided in relation to any descriptive category.
b) Additional references informing about a scale’s psychometric performance are welcome. They can be supplied directly to the editor.

Funding and awards

Funding and awards are available for quality of life researchers at the following groups:

Useful sites

  • Australian Bureau of Statistics

    Social Statistics, i.e.,mental health and well-being of subgroups, and Australia's economic and social indicators, i.e., GDP, labour force, income. Various publications may be purchased.

  • Australian Monthly Economic and Social Indicators

    Monthly statistical bulletin

  • Canadian Council on Social Development

    CCSD is a non-profit social policy and research organization focusing on issues such as poverty, disability, cultural diversity, child well-being, labour markets and housing.

  • Eurobarameter

    Provides references for research on QOL in Canada, France, Spain etc.

  • International Society for QOL Studies

    Bibliographies, references

  • Journeys Home study

    This study is following a sample of income support (Centrelink) customers who were selected in such a way that ensured many of them had recently experienced homelessness (broadly defined). Its principal aim is to study housing transitions among a relatively disadvantaged sub-population.

  • National Statistics (UK)

    Official UK statistics site. You can view and download a wealth of economic and social data FREE.

  • Statistics Canada

    The official source for Canadian social and economic statistics and products.

  • World Database of Happiness

    Happiness-References, bibliographies,conceptualisation, measurability, indicators, theories. Papers can be purchased.

  • Clinical Psychologists

    Chat group by sending "Subscribe Clinical-Psychologists" to <a href="mailto:LISTSERV@LISTSERV.NODAK.EDU">LISTSERV@LISTSERV.NODAK.EDU</a>

  • Discussions on the Theory and Practice of Community Psychology


  • Psychology Trends to Watch in 2014

    As humans vary, so do psychologists. There are countless perspectives on human behavior, and while the early psychologists were more apt to move as a bloc from one dominant school of thought to the next, today’s psychologists have a long and rich history to draw from when studying their patients’ feelings, thoughts, and behaviors.

  • Texas Healthcare Learning Collaborative

    The purpose of this new e-mail SIG is to facilitate networking and the exchange of ideas and information among health professionals, youth and their family members, family scientists, policy makers, insurers, and others with knowledge and experience in the transition of youth from child-centered (pediatric) to adult-oriented health care. The process of health care transition is a significant one for youth with special needs, as well as their parents, siblings, and extended family. Family scientists have much to contribute, in developing and assessing evidenced based family-focused approaches to to this issue. If you would like to participate in this list, send a blank e-mail message to <a href=""></a>

  • Australian Transcultural Mental Health Network

    This is a national body that links State and Territory transcultural mental health centres and networks with the goal of improving mental health outcomes for Australia's diverse communities.

  • Depressionet

    This site provides one place for Australian depression sufferers and their families and friends to find all their information, help and support needs. It's major objective is to reduce the impact of depression on the lives of Australian's by significantly increasing the proportion of sufferers who seek professional help and treatment.

  • ME/CFS Australia

    National Association for Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, dedicated to increasing the recognition and understanding of ME/CFS and providing support for people with ME/CFS through its affiliated Societies

  • SANE Australia

    Aims to support a better life for people affected by mental illness.

  • WayAhead - Mental Health Association, NSW

    Contains a huge list of links about mental illness and psychiatric disability.

  • Ecology Fund

    Owned and operated by The Hunger Site Network as a way to get new funds for critical habitat and wilderness preservation using the power of the internet.

  • Greenpeace

    The leading independent campaigning organisation that uses peaceful direct action and creative communication to expose global environmental problems and to promote solutions that are essential to a green and peaceful future.

  • The World Bank Group

    The World Bank Group is one of the world's largest sources of development assistance. In Fiscal Year 2001, the institution provided more than US$17 billion in loans to its client countries. It works in more than 100 developing economies with the primary focus of helping the poorest people and the poorest countries.

  • 10 Dating Safety Tips for Senior Women

    You know a lot about the ways of the world, and you are fully able to take care of yourself. But safety always has to be your first concern when you are venturing back into the dating scene, where an atmosphere of implied trust can put a woman at her most vulnerable.

  • 60 Digital Resources for Addressing Substance Use Disorders, Addiction and Recovery

    This guide has compiled a list of organizations and digital resources that support individuals working toward recovery and that offer advice to their families, friends, and communities on how to aid in the process. Detailed in this piece are 4 sections on the signs and symptoms of substance abuse and addiction, treatment and recovery options, how to help a loved one, resources for various types of addictions, and many more relevant resources.

  • A Guide to Downsizing for Seniors and Their Loved Ones

    This guide is designed to make the downsizing process as simple as possible for seniors and their loved ones. It will help prepare both house and senior for the transition, as well as offer advice to loved ones on the duties they can help perform. Keep the lines of communication open, take it one step at a time, and don’t rush into anything before you’re ready.

  • Addiction Group

    Addiction Group is dedicated to help individuals suffering from substance abuse and prevent new cases through credible information and spreading awareness to as many as we can reach.

  • Addiction Guide

    Is your reliable source on addiction and the dangers of illicit substances. We cover how drugs and alcohol affect the body, how to identify the signs and symptoms of abuse, and where to seek effective treatment. Our mission is to guide you and your loved ones to a healthier life.

  • Addiction resources for friends and family

    Friends and family members can be instrumental in helping someone overcome addiction. They can help recognize signs of addictive behavior. Nevertheless, patterns of addictive behavior is not always easy, and the signs of addictive behavior are not always obvious.


    Addiction Resource is a company dedicated to helping those who struggle with addiction and co-occurring mental health conditions. We provide resources for those in need as well as information on how to help loved ones struggling with these issues.

  • Alcohol Abuse and Binge Drinking

    One of the dangerous forms of alcohol use is binge drinking. Binge drinking occurs when someone ingests a large quantity of alcohol in a short period of time, and it is also defined by the person’s blood alcohol content. If a person makes this a habit, this pattern of abuse can eventually result in a serious addiction.

  • Alcohol Rehab Help

    Alcohol Rehab Help is an informational web guide created for people struggling with alcohol use disorders (AUD) and co-occurring mental health disorders. Not only do we offer information on Alcohol Use Disorder, but we also have comprehensive information regarding treatment options.

  • Home Security

    The fundamental aim of caregivers and elderly people who want to retain their independence for as long as possible is to find a way to stay safe while continuing to live in familiar surroundings and a medical alert system could potentially help achieve that aim. This resource looks at the best medical alert systems and the pros and cons attached to them so that anyone considering installing one can make a more informed decision.

  • Birth Injuries

    Birth injuries like cerebral palsy can be the result of medical negligence. Unfortunately, doctors and other health care professionals sometimes make mistakes during childbirth that can result in severe, even permanent injury to the baby. The cost of lifelong care can be financially devastating to families.

  • Birth Injury Center

    Sometimes injuries at birth can happen and depending on the nature and severity of the injury, this can cause different effects in the child. Birth Injury Centre is an organisation dedicated to providing up-to-date and accurate info around the different types of birth injuries and what families can do.

  • Birth Injury Group

    The Birth Injury Group is an online resource for anyone who has been affected by cerebral palsy, birth injuries, or brain injuries. Our team was created so we can provide answers and all types of assistance needed to help improve the quality of life for loved ones and family members with cerebral palsy.

  • Budget-Friendly Smart Home Accommodations for Seniors and Individuals with Special Needs

    This guide was designed to provide a thorough understanding of the latest smart home technology, and suggestions for specific software and devices that can be incorporated into a home to accommodate each of seven of the most common types of disabilities: hearing difficulty, vision difficulty, speech/language difficulty, cognitive difficulty or memory loss, ambulatory difficult, arthritis, and self-care/independent living difficulty.

  • Cerebral Palsy Group

    Cerebral Palsy Group is an online resource for anyone who has been affected by cerebral palsy, birth injuries, or brain injuries. Our team was created so we can provide answers and all types of assistance needed to help improve the quality of life for loved ones and family members with cerebral palsy.

  • Cerebral Palsy Treatment

    Cerebral Palsy Guidance provides comprehensive medical information, ranging from treatment and causes, to symptoms and risk factors.

  • Consumer Dangers

    Dedicated to keeping the public informed about consumer dangers and safety issues associated with numerous products.

  • Consumer Health and Safety gathers and presents recall information on products, food, medical devices and drugs, and publishes consumer-related news and safety guides.

  • Consumer Safety Guide

    Consumer Safety Guide was created to keep the public informed about consumer dangers and safety issues associated with numerous products that can cause the public harm. Our website is constantly being updated with the most recent information on the most popular prescription medications and FDA-approved medical devices that could be endangering your health or putting your loved ones at risk. Our mission is to keep you informed and help you make the most educated decisions about your health care!

  • Control and Prevention HRQOL Website

    This is a CDC/NCCDPHP website which gives an overview of national and state HRQOL surveillance and research activities based on the Health Days HRQOL measures and provides links to key national and international HRQOL resources.

  • Coping with Covid Stress

    Here are some tips on how to protect and advocate for yourself during this unprecedented crisis.

  • Cord Blood Banking

    Information and free resources for expecting parents.

  • Cord Blood Guide

    A downloadable guide to Cord Blood Banking.

  • Creating a Sensory Friendly Home

    There are three main sensory systems that may be affected when an individual has autism. Understanding these three sensory systems is key to understanding individuals with autism and how they interact with their home environments.

  • Dental health and care for seniors

    Many people lose their dental insurance upon retirement. At the same time, some medical conditions may negatively affect oral health. This guide may help seniors take better care of their teeth.

  • DetoxLocal Periodic Table of Drugs

    Periodic table of drug addiction.

  • Drug Center

    Details on the dangerous side-effects caused by some of the most commonly prescribed drugs and devices.

  • Drug Dangers

    Drug Dangers is committed to providing the latest information on a range of medications and medical devices that have serious complications.

  • Drug News

    Each year, millions of people are affected by drug or medical device side effects. Staying informed can help you.

  • Drug Prevention for Parents

    According to OnHealth, drug use disorders tend to arise in teens who suffer from low self-esteem, poor impulse control, depression, a family history that includes substance use or abuse. Adolescents who use drugs might not become addicted in adulthood, but they can damage their health mentally, physically and emotionally during their childhoods.

  • Drug Rehab Connections - Alcohol Self-Assessment Test

    Drug Rehab Connections is an informational website that connects addicts and their families with the help they need to put their lives together. Our goal is to help individuals and loved ones by providing them with information and support on different addictions and recovery resources available to them.


    There are a variety of factors that contribute to addiction. On the surface, addiction can be caused by physical changes in the brain, that make the body crave certain types of drugs. However, genetic and environmental risk factors can contribute to addiction on a much deeper level. Our drug addiction page describes different types of drugs, what can cause addiction, certain symptoms, even complications after becoming dependent on drugs. There's still hope for recovery, and help is available for individuals who are fighting off addiction.

  • Elderly Care House Design for Our Old Age

    Take advantage of this rebuilding and renovating stage to turn your house into a home of the future. A place that is comfortable, safe and secure for everyone. Your house features must be comfortable and friendly for your kids when they are still young and as they grow older.

  • Elite Rehab Placement

    Elite Rehab Placement is a a leading, no cost rehab placement company that seeks to provide help to those struggling with addiction.

  • Environmental Illness Resources

    Provides information and a community for sufferers of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and related illnesses including Fibromyalgia and Irritable Bowel Syndrome.

  • Financial Tips for Seniors

    This page provides tips for seniors about how to plan for their financial futures.

  • Healing After a Lifetime of Struggling with Addiction: The Senior’s Guide to Reconnecting with Adult Children

    If you’re a senior in addiction recovery seeking to rebuild relationships with your adult children, this guide can help you navigate the challenging road ahead. It will help you before, while, and after you make contact and offer advice on the best ways to do so.

  • Health & Wellness Post-Covid: Trends and statistics for 2022

    Physical and mental health trends in 2022, including the most common worries people hold and how people access health services.

  • Healthy Ageing for men - A complete guide for all ages

    All men want to look and feel physically healthy in their own bodies and there are several positive steps that they can take to better care of their health as they age.

  • Home Detox

    Alcohol & drug home detox programmes throughout the UK & Ireland. Effective & Affordable home detox services for addiction programmes.

  • How to Find an Accessible Apartment

    Finding an affordable, livable apartment can take some effort. Before you start looking, make a checklist of accessibility features that are essential to you, plus others that would be simply “nice to have."

  • How to Foster Peer Support for Addiction Recovery During Quarantine

    During the pandemic, we've seen a rise in substance use and mental health problems, which are only exacerbated by stress and social isolation. Peer support, like having a sponsor, improves addiction recovery and maintaining sobriety. Our resource offers insight on how to seek a sponsor, and provides tools and resources for sponsors and sponsees.

  • Injury Claim Coach

    Our resource takes a looks at mesothelioma and how to file a lawsuit including real life examples.

  • Inpatient Alcohol Rehab

    People suffering from alcohol use disorder (or their loved ones) are sometimes confused by the different types of treatment that are available to them. This guide breaks down different types of rehabilitation that are available to those trying to enter a life of recovery, showing the difference between inpatient and outpatient rehab, what happens at inpatient rehab, and how to choose the perfect inpatient treatment centre for you or your loved one.

  • makes it easier to take legal action. We have information, lawsuit guides, and breaking news about drugs, products, and other issues that could affect you.

  • Legal Assistance for Elder Abuse

    Senior citizens are easily capable of falling victim to financial exploitation in many different ways. Elders can be taken advantage of by their family members, caregivers, friends, and fiduciaries. Any elderly victim of financial exploitation should seek legal help from a proven California financial elder abuse attorney.

  • Looks and Features of Accessible Apartments

    Here’s what you can expect to see in a disability apartment, and how it will help you (or the person you’re helping) in daily life.

  • Lung Cancer Center

    Lung Cancer Center is here to provide the information and resources you need to understand the diagnosis. Are you a patient, loved one, caregiver, or even just a student? Learn more about what a lung cancer diagnosis is and the best way to fight it medically and legally.

  • Making Special Education Work for Your Child During COVID

    At a time when schools are scrambling to deliver regular education in a novel and frightening new context, parents and educators must also work together to select and design appropriate programs for students with special needs.

  • Medical Malpractice Center

    Misdiagnosis, injuries and facts

  • Mental Health and Well-being

    Commonwealth of Australia Department of Health and Aged Care

  • Mesothelioma Cancer Alliance

    This disease is preventable and awareness is key in that prevention. Information about the danger that can come from exposure to asbestos.

  • Mesothelioma Center

    Australia has the highest incidence of mesothelioma in the world. The Mesothelioma Center is an up-to-date resource for all mesothelioma issues ranging from asbestos exposure to its effects in causing malignant mesothelioma.

  • Mesothelioma Fund

    Our goal is to spread awareness about the dangers of asbestos exposure.

  • Mesothelioma Group

    Up-to-date mesothelioma information and resources for patients, family members, and friends.

  • Mesothelioma Guide

    Our mission is to offer excellent information about asbestos exposure, mesothelioma and healthcare support options. Our website and services are 100% free and centered on providing excellent service to mesothelioma patients and raising awareness.

  • Mesothelioma Help Now

    An online resource with a downloadable booklet for patients and caregivers to print and keep as a reference.

  • Mesothelioma Justice Network

    Our website and everyone involved with it are dedicated to improving the overall quality of life for individuals who have been diagnosed with an asbestos-related disease. We strive to be one of the top comprehensive and educational resources online to help support sick patients and their families. Our website provides hundreds of pages with the most current and detailed information about the asbestos industry and its medical impacts.

  • Mesothelioma Lawyer Center

    Our website is a comprehensive asbestos disease informational resource. Additionally, we offer mesothelioma victims and their loved ones the following items, free of charge: a comprehensive Mesothelioma & Asbestos Guide; three must-read mesothelioma books written by medical professionals and mesothelioma survivors; veteran benefits assistance, and more.

  • Mesothelioma Survival

    Mesothelioma Survival has been put together as a single place for victims of mesothelioma and their families to learn and seek help for their disease.

  • Mesothelioma Symptoms

    This site provides an extensive database of information and resources for patients and their families to better understand the symptoms of mesothelioma and the various aspects of diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, as well as mesothelioma life expectancy.

  • Mesothelioma Treatment Community

    Our mission is to guide mesothelioma patients and all those dealing with asbestos-related cancers toward answers, care options, and free health solutions that improve their lives and everyone around them.

  • Mesothelioma Veterans Center

    Get help with filing for VA Benefits today.


    Providing mesothelioma patients with free resources, support, education, and referrals to experienced mesothelioma doctors.

  • MesotheliomaHelp

    Extensive information about the dangers of asbestos exposure.

  • MesotheliomaHub - Improving Prognosis

    Our mission is to expand our reach to all of those who have been affected by mesothelioma and provide them with the quality resources and support that they need to live their best lives.

  • NewMouth

    Dental solutions made easy. We'll help you find the best dentist in your area depending on your exact needs. Transform your smile and life!

  • Nursing Home Abuse

    Nursing home residents are often older adults who are frail and need a lot of help with daily living. Tragically, this vulnerable population is at risk of nursing home abuse and neglect. Conditions such as Alzheimer’s disease and other forms of dementia can leave nursing home abuse victims unable to report their abuse.

  • Nutritional Needs for Seniors

    As people age, their bodies naturally begin to break down and need more vitamins, minerals, and supplements than ever before. There’s nothing that can be done about that, but seniors can begin to start changing their diets before they reach this point. By adding just a few things to a diet, seniors can avoid losing muscle mass, lessen joint pain, and lower their risk of some diseases.


    Full guide to Opiate and Heroin Withdrawal.

  • Pleural Mesothelioma

    Mesothelioma Web has been in place for over a decade and offers hope, help, & support to those diagnosed with mesothelioma. For more information on asbestos exposure and mesothelioma, visit this site.

  • Psycho-Oncology Co-operative Research Group

    PoCoG's mission is to improve the outcomes of patients experiencing a diagnosis of cancer, their families and carers through evaluation and implementation of psychosocial and supportive care interventions for patients, carers, health professionals and the health care system.

  • Quality of Life

    The information and materials available from this "Quality of Life" (QOL) webpage are offered so that youth, families, service providers, researchers, and decision makers may better understand what QOL means to youth with chronic health conditions and what is important to youth for their QOL to be at its best.

  • Quit Smoking Community

    Everything you could ever want to know about quitting smoking.

  • QuitDay

    Making a plan to quit smoking is the first step to quitting for good. Take the first step here, and say goodbye to cigarettes forever.

  • Recall Report

    Recall Report is the web’s leading resource for information about health and safety recalls, including dangerous drugs and associated mental conditions.

  • Recovery Village

    The Recovery Village is an organization dedicated to providing the best treatment possible to those struggling with substance abuse and eating disorders. It is our philosophy that all individuals with the desire and ability to seek treatment are provided with the highest quality care for very reasonable rates.

  • Rehab 4 Addiction

    A free resource consisting of blogs, audios and videos targeted at people seeking to embrace a lifetime of abstinence from drugs and alcohol.

  • Resources for Kids in Trauma

    When a child endures a traumatic experience, the whole family feels the impact. But adults hold the power to help lessen its effects.

  • Rx Dangers

    Aims to educate the American public on current pharmaceutical drugs and devices commonly being used within the United States.

  • Sokolove Law

    Sokolove Law was founded to help people suffering from asbestos-related diseases.

  • Special Needs Trusts: What Parents and Caregivers Need to Know

    If you have a loved one with special needs and the means to provide them with additional support, a special needs trust may be a good option.

  • Sunshine BH - Mental Health Resources for People Suffering from Fibromyalgia & Chronic Pain

    Sunshine BH is working to raise awareness on how Fibromyalgia and Chronic pain are closely related to mental illness. The comprehensive resource includes detailed information about Fibromyalgia. Along with providing mental health resources for those suffering from the disease.

  • Support for Alcoholism in the Workplace

    Alcohol use and abuse contribute to many life complications such as death or injury at home and in the workplace. Identifying patterns of behaviour within the workplace that are commonly associated with alcoholism and substance use disorder and then assessing what support is necessary for employees who are affected.

  • Talking to teens about performance-enhancing substances

    Performance-enhancing substances are a risk to teenagers as their bodies are still developing and they are susceptible to pressures to perform. Learn ways to determine if your teen is in danger of abusing anything from creatine to HGH, and how to talk to them about it.

  • is an online resource that equips teenagers and their families — those affected most by adolescent substance abuse and addiction — with the information and hope they need on the road to recovery.

  • The Complete Guide to Insomnia - and How You Can Manage It

    An in-depth look at insomnia and what causes it, the different kinds of insomnia, and its effects on health and wellbeing. It offers advice for managing insomnia effectively with stress management and relaxation techniques, proper diet and exercise, a good sleeping environment, CBT, and mindfulness meditation.

  • The Elderly and Prescription Drug Misuse and Abuse

    Elderly individuals are particularly vulnerable to prescription drug misuse. Misuse is defined as non-adherence to prescription directions and can be either willful or accidental.

  • The MCH Web Ring (Maternal & Child Health Bureau)

    This site is a listing of non-commercial web sites related to the Maternal and Child Health Community.

  • The Recovery Village Ridgefield

    Our goal is to provide individuals and loved ones with the information, support and resources they need to find hope and healing in recovery.

  • Tobacco Free Life

    The Tobacco-Free Life Organization is a leading organization with a mission to save lives by ending worldwide disease, damage and death caused by tobacco. This is accomplished through research, education and advocacy.

  • Tuck

    Tuck is a community devoted to improving sleep hygiene, health and wellness through the creation and dissemination of comprehensive, unbiased, free web-based resources.

  • Using Family Medical Leave Act (FMLA) To Go To Rehab

    Addiction Resource is a free informational site with the end goal of providing the most trusted content for individuals and their families who are researching addiction, substance abuse, and treatment options. Struggling with an addiction to drugs and alcohol is a worldwide disease and we are here to help.

  • Veteran Substance Abuse - A War on Home Soil for Veterans

    There are so many examples of our Veterans struggling with addiction when they come home. That’s why I titled my article “A War on Home Soil for Veterans.”

  • Vision Center

    Vision Center is an informational web guide created for those seeking eye surgery and other vision correction options.

  • What is Alcohol Abuse & How To Treat Alcoholism

    Those struggling with alcoholism commonly feel that they cannot function without alcohol. Learn its the signs of alcoholism, types of alcoholics, side effects and treatment.