Australian Centre on Quality of Life

Australian Unity Wellbeing Index – Results

For reports, data, and data dictionaries go to the Publications page.

Data Portal

ACQOL is committed to enhancing our scientific knowledge of subjective wellbeing, both within Australia and internationally. As part of this objective, ACQOL has released datasets using the PWI for public use. Details of each dataset is provided within the download document, including information on the conditions of use.

In addition, ACQOL welcomes other researchers to submit their datasets to be hosted here on the ACQOL Data Portal. Click here for more information.



  • No datasets found for this category.

  • No datasets found for this category.

  • The Macau Quality of Life Report Project

    The Macau Quality of Life Report Project was commissioned by the deFiccao Projectos Multimedia (owner of Macau Business magazine - http://www.macaubusiness.com/magazine) to Lotus Consultants, the Consulting arm of the University of Saint Joseph. From 2007 to 2012 a total of twelve surveys were conducted with the support of the Macau Foundation, Wynn Resorts and the Orient Foundation. The Macau Quality of Life Report project was led by Prof. Richard Whitfield, as CEO of Lotus Consultants at the time, which involved also Dr. Ricardo Rato and Mr. Michael Lio as researchers and Ms. Jeannie Lam providing administrative support. All the data were collected via telephone interviews. 376 valid responses were gathered for the first survey, and 1000+ for each of the subsequent surveys (from a Macau population of around 300,000 adults), where the interviewers were thoroughly trained and closely monitored students from the University of Saint Joseph.

    These data can be used under Creative Commons Licencing - Attribution - Non-Commercial 4.0 International), with the following attribution:

    Title: Macau Quality of Life Reports 2007-2012

    Attribution: The data collection and initial analysis was commissioned the deFiccao Projectos Multimedia (owner of the Macau Business magazine -http://www.macaubusiness.com/magazine) and conducted by a team of researchers at the University of Saint Joseph, led by Prof. Richard Whitfield and including Dr. Ricardo Rato and Mr. Michael Lio, with the support of Ms. Jeannie Lam.

    Publication: Rato, R., & Davey, G. (2012). Quality of life in Macau, China. Social indicators research. Social Indicators Research, 105, 93-108.

  • The non-linear relationship between psychological distress and subjective wellbeing


    Purpose: This study explored whether the relationship between symptoms of psychological distress and subjective wellbeing (SWB) is non-linear, as proposed by the theory of SWB homeostasis. This theory holds that the level of SWB over time is normally stabilised by homeostatic processes. If the level of the challenge exceeds homeostatic capacity, a nonlinear departure of SWB from the setpoint is predicted.

    Methods: Data were obtained from a cross-sectional survey of 821 participants. The relationships between SWB and symptoms of depression and stress were tested using generalized additive models (GAMs). Models were created for two dependent variables as SWB measured by the Personal Wellbeing Index and Homeostatically Protected Mood (HPMood). These two dependent variables differ in their affective composition derived from the attendant emotion. Symptoms of stress and depression were measured by a subset of items from the Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale, and combined into one measure, stress-depression.

    Results: A non-linear model (relative to linear) was the best fit for the relationship between HPMood and the symptoms of stress-depression. The results also suggested a resilience effect, such that HPMood levels above 45-50 percentage points were resistant to moderate levels of stress-depression, with a nonlinear decrease below this level. No such relationship was found between the symptoms and SWB.

    Conclusion: The findings support the theory of SWB homeostasis and contribute to theory development in suggesting the affective component of SWB is the key to homeostatic activation under challenge.